Iceland (Denmark) Extradition Treaty with the United States

Iceland (Denmark) International Extradition Treaty with the United States

(The treaty applicable to Iceland was originally signed with Denmark.)

January 6, 1902, Date-Signed

May 16, 1902, Date-In-Force

STATUS:
Treaty signed at Washington on January 6, 1902. Senate advice and consent to ratification was given on January 30, 1902. It was Ratified by the President of the United States on February 26, 1902. It was Ratified by Denmark on March 8, 1902. Ratifications were exchanged at Washington on April 16, 1902. It was Proclaimed by the President of the United States on April 17, 1902. It Entered into force on May 16, 1902. Supplemented by conventions of November 6, 1905, and May 6, 1932. It Terminated June 18, 1968.

The United States of America and his Majesty the King of Denmark, being desirous to confirm their friendly relations and to promote the cause of justice, have resolved to conclude a treaty for the extradition of fugitives from justice, and have appointed for that purpose the following plenipotentiaries:

The President of the United States of America, John Hay, Secretary of State of the United States; and His Majesty the King of Denmark, Mr. Constantin Brun, Commander of the Order of Dannebroge and decorated with the Cross of Honor of the same Order, His Majesty’s Chamberlain and Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Washington; who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:

ARTICLE I

The Government of the United States and the Government of Denmark mutually agree to deliver up persons who, having been charged with or convicted of any of the crimes and offenses specified in the following article, committed within the jurisdiction of one of the contracting parties, shall seek an asylum or be found within the territories of the other: Provided that this shall only be done upon such evidence of criminality as, according to the laws of the place where the fugitive or person so charged shall be found, would justify his or her apprehension and commitment for trial if the crime or offense had been there committed.

ARTICLE II

Extradition shall be granted for the following crimes and offenses:

1. Murder, comprehending assassination, parricide, infanticide, and poisoning; attempt to commit murder; the killing of a human being, when such act is punishable in the United States as voluntary manslaughter, and in Denmark as manslaughter.

2. Arson.

3. Robbery, defined to be the act of feloniously and forcibly taking from the person of another money or goods, by violence or putting him in fear; burglary, also housebreaking or shopbreaking.

4. Forgery, or the utterance of forged papers; the forgery or falsification of official acts of government, of public authorities, or of courts of justice, or the utterance of the thing forged or falsified.

5. The counterfeiting, falsifying or altering of money whether coin or paper, or of instruments of debt created by national, state, provincial or municipal governments, or of coupons thereof, or of banknotes, or the utterance or circulation of the same; or the counterfeiting, falsifying or altering of seals of state.

6. Embezzlement by public officers; embezzlement by persons hired or salaried, to the detriment of their employers; larceny; obtaining money, valuable securities or other property by false pretenses, or receiving money, valuable securities, or other property, knowing the same to have been embezzled, stolen or fraudulently obtained, when such act is made criminal by the laws of both countries and the amount of money or the value of the property fraudulently obtained or received is not less than $ 200. or Kroner 740.

7. Fraud, or breach of trust by a bailee, banker, agent, factor, trustee or other person acting in a fiduciary capacity, or director or member or officer of any company, when such act is made criminal by the laws of the countries, and the amount of money or the value of the property misappropriated is not less than $ 200. or Kroner 740.

8. Perjury; subornation of perjury.

9. Rape; abduction; kidnapping.

10. Malicious destruction of, or attempt to destroy, railways, trains or cars, bridges, dwellings, public edifices, or other buildings, when the act endangers human life.

11. Crimes committed at sea:

(a) Piracy, by statute or by the law of nations.

(b) Revolt, or conspiracy to revolt, by two or more persons on board a ship on the high seas against the authority of the master.

(c) Wrongfully sinking or destroying a vessel at sea, or attempting to do so.

(d) Assault on board a ship on the high seas with intent to do grievous bodily harm.

12. Crimes and offenses against the laws of both countries for the suppression of slavery and slavetrading.

13. Procuring abortion.

Extradition is also to take place for participation in any of the crimes and offenses mentioned in this Treaty, provided such participation may be punished in the United States as a felony, and in Denmark by imprisonment at hard labor.

ARTICLE III

Requisitions for the surrender of fugitives from justice shall be made by the diplomatic agents of the contracting parties, or in the absence of these from the country or its seat of government, may be made by the superior consular officers.

If the person whose extradition is requested shall have been convicted of a crime or offense, a duly authenticated copy of the sentence of the court in which he was convicted, or if the fugitive is merely charged with crime, a duly authenticated copy of the warrant of arrest in the country where the crime has been committed, and of the depositions or other evidence upon which such warrant was issued, shall be produced.

The extradition of fugitives under the provisions of this Treaty shall be carried out in the United States and in Denmark respectively, in conformity with the laws regulating extradition for the time being in force in the state on which the demand for surrender is made.

ARTICLE IV

When the arrest and detention of a fugitive in the United States are desired on telegraphic or other information in advance of the presentation of formal proofs, complaint on oath, as provided by the statutes of the United States, shall be made by an agent of the Danish Government before a judge or other magistrate authorized to issue warrants of arrest in extradition cases.

In the Kingdom of Denmark the diplomatic or consular officer of the United States shall apply to the Foreign Office, which will immediately cause the necessary steps to be taken in order to secure the provisional arrest and detention of the fugitive.

The provisional detention of a fugitive shall cease and the prisoner be released, if a formal requisition for his surrender, accompanied by the necessary evidence of his criminality, has not been produced under the stipulations of this Convention, within two months from the date of his provisional arrest or detention.

ARTICLE V

Neither of the contracting parties shall be bound to deliver up its own citizens, born or naturalized, under the stipulations of this Convention.

ARTICLE VI

A fugitive criminal shall not be surrendered if the offense in respect of which his surrender is demanded be of a political character, or if he proves that the requisition for his surrender has, in fact, been made with a view to try or punish him for an offense of a political character.

No person surrendered by either of the high contracting parties to the other shall be triable or tried, or be punished for any political crime or offense, or for any act connected therewith, committed previously to his extradition.

An attempt against the life of the head of either Government, or against that of any member of his family, when such attempt comprises the act either of murder or assassination, or of poisoning, shall not be considered a political offense or an act connected with such offense.

If any question shall arise as to whether a case comes within the provisions of this Article, the decision of the authorities of the government on which the demand for surrender is made, or which may have granted the extradition, shall be final.

ARTICLE VII

Extradition shall not be granted, in pursuance of the provisions of this Convention, if legal proceedings or the enforcement of the penalty for the act committed by the person claimed has become barred by limitation, according to the laws of the country to which the requisition is addressed.

ARTICLE VIII

No person surrendered by either of the high contracting parties to the other shall without his consent, freely granted and publicly declared by him, be triable or tried, or be punished for any crime or offense committed prior to his extradition, other than that for which he was delivered up, until he shall have had an opportunity of returning to the country from which he was surrendered.

ARTICLE IX

All articles seized which are in the possession of the person to be surrendered at the time of his apprehension, whether being the proceeds of the crime or offense charged, or being material as evidence in making proof of the crime or offense shall, so far as practicable and in conformity with the laws of the respective countries, be given up when the extradition takes place. Nevertheless, the rights of third parties with regard to such articles shall be duly respected.

ARTICLE X

If the individual claimed by one of the high contracting parties, in pursuance of the present Treaty, shall also be claimed by one or several other powers on account of crimes or offenses committed within their respective jurisdictions, his extradition shall be granted to the State whose demand is first received: Provided, that the Government from which extradition is sought is not bound by treaty to give preference otherwise.

ARTICLE XI

The expenses incurred in the arrest, detention, examination and delivery of fugitives under this Treaty shall be borne by the State in whose name the extradition is sought; Provided, that the demanding government shall not be compelled to bear any expense for the services of such public officers of the government from which extradition is sought as receive a fixed salary; and Provided that the charge for the services of such public officers as receive only fees or perquisites shall not exceed their customary fees for the acts or services performed by them had such acts or services been performed in ordinary criminal proceedings under the laws of the country of which they are officers.

ARTICLE XII

The present Treaty shall take effect on the thirtieth day after the date of the exchange of ratifications, and shall not operate retroactively.

The ratifications of the present Treaty shall be exchanged at Washington as soon as possible and it shall remain in force for a period of six months after either of the contracting governments shall have given notice of a purpose to terminate it.

In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the above articles, both in the English and the Danish languages and have hereunto affixed their seals.

Done in duplicate, at the City of Washington, this sixth day of January nineteen hundred and two.

SIGNATORIES:

JOHN HAY

C. BRUN

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Iceland (Denmark) Extradition Treaty- Supplementary with the United States

November 6, 1905, Date-Signed

February 19, 1906, Date-In-Force

(The treaty applicable to Iceland was originally signed with Denmark.)

STATUS:
Convention signed at Washington on November 6, 1905, supplementing treaty of January 6, 1902. Senate advice and consent to ratification was given on December 7, 1905. It was Ratified by Denmark on December 14, 1905. It was Ratified by the President of the United States February on 13, 1906. Ratifications were exchanged at Washington on February 19, 1906. It Entered into force on February 19, 1906. It was Proclaimed by the President of the United States on February 19, 1906. It Terminated June 18, 1968.

The United States of America and His Majesty the King of Denmark, agreeing that the convention for the extradition of criminals signed by their Plenipotentiaries at Washington on January 6, 1902, is applicable to their respective island possessions or colonies, and desiring to define the procedure by which applications for the surrender of accused persons from such island possessions or colonies shall be made, and to add to the list of extraditable crimes mentioned in Article II of the said convention of January 6, 1902, by means of an additional convention, have to that end appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:

The President of the United States of America, Elihu Root, Secretary of State of the United
States; and

His Majesty the King of Denmark, Mr. Constantin Brun, Commander of the Order of Dannebroge and decorated with the Cross of Honor of the same Order, His Majesty’s Chamberlain and Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Washington;

Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in due and good form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:

ARTICLE I

In the case of crimes committed in the island possessions or colonies of the contracting parties, applications for the surrender of the accused may be made directly to the Governor or Chief Magistrate of the island possession or colony in which the fugitive has sought refuge, by the Governor or Chief Magistrate of the colony or island possession of the other contracting party, provided that both island possessions or colonies are situated in America. The aforesaid Governors or Chief Magistrates shall have authority either to grant the extradition or to refer the matter for decision to the Government of the mother country. In all other cases applications for extradition shall be made through the diplomatic channel.

Where a fugitive criminal is arrested in the Philippine Islands, the Hawaiian Islands, Faroe
Islands, or Iceland he may be provisionally detained for a period of four months. ARTICLE II
In addition to the crimes and offenses mentioned in Article II of the convention between the United States of America, and the Kingdom of Denmark for the extradition of criminals, signed at Washington on January 6, 1902, extradition shall be granted also for the following crime or offense:

Bribery, defined to be the offering, giving or receiving of bribes, when made punishable by the laws of the two contracting parties.

ARTICLE III

The present convention shall be considered as an integral part of the said extradition convention of January 6, 1902, and shall be ratified according to the respective laws of the two contracting parties. The ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington as soon as

possible.

In testimony whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the above articles, both in the English and Danish languages and have hereunto affixed their seals.

Done in duplicate, at the City of Washington, this sixth day of November, nineteen hundred and five.

SIGNATORIES:

ELIHU ROOT

C. BRUN

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Douglas McNabb and other members of the firm practice and write extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition and OFAC SDN List Removal.

The author of this blog is Douglas McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.

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